<h3>FIRST BLACK BLUE DEVIL</h3><p>Michael Holyfield, T’79, the first black Blue Devil mascot, returned to campus during homecoming weekend when he was recognized with a letterman’s jacket for his service to Duke.</p><div class="more_button"> <a href="http://today.duke.edu/2013/09/holyfield" target="_blank"> </a> </div>
<h3>OUR NEW DAY BEGUN</h3><p>Some of the first African American students, faculty and staff to integrate Duke—the Rev. Clarence G. Newsome, Wilhelmina Reuben-Cooke, Caroline Lattimore, and Dr. Onyekwere Akwari—discuss how faith sustained them during difficult times.</p><div class="more_button"> <a href="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dxw7nx5VX4Y&list=PLYZhPUaJyXIZKJ3o0sy2Jp9LwcxxidafP" target="_blank"> </a> </div>
<h3>DUKE AND DURHAM</h3><p>Duke’s first black music major, Alma Jones, W ‘69, performs “Lift Every Voice and Sing” with the 100 Black Men choir during “Duke Celebrates Durham: Where Great Things Happened in 1963.”</p><div class="more_button"> <a href="http://today.duke.edu/2013/10/galafinale#slideshow" target="_blank"> </a> </div>
<h3>MAKE A GIFT</h3><p>As Duke University honors 50 years of black scholars, consider leaving a lasting legacy through collective gifts. The 50th Anniversary Committee seeks to raise one million dollars over the next nine months to help the next generation of African-American leaders and scholars.</p><div class="more_button"> <a href="http://spotlight.duke.edu/50years/makeagift" target="_blank"> </a> </div>
<h3>ENLIGHTENED SOULS</h3><p>Duke Performances commissioned jazz pianist Billy Childs to compose "Enlightened Souls," in honor of the first five black undergraduate students to integrate the university. It was performed with vocalist Dianne Reeves in Baldwin Theater on Friday, Oct. 4, 2013.</p><div class="more_button"> <a href="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6-ff5Jvqut0&list=PLYZhPUaJyXIZKJ3o0sy2Jp9LwcxxidafP" target="_blank"> </a> </div>

“Celebrating the Past, Charting the future

Commemorating 50 Years of Black Students at Duke”



About Us

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Our year-long commemoration of the 50th anniversary of the first black students to matriculate at Duke University will celebrate diversity and inclusiveness by illuminating our history and fostering forms of expression that are academic, artistic and service-oriented.

Our year-long commemoration of the 50th anniversary of the first black students to matriculate at Duke University will celebrate diversity and inclusiveness by illuminating our history and fostering forms of expression that are academic, artistic and service-oriented.

Duke was one of the last major universities to desegregate. On March 8, 1961, the Board of Trustees voted to desegregate the graduate and professional schools and the following year four African-American students matriculated to Duke graduate schools. They found a school with segregated restrooms and an entrance and section at Wallace Wade Stadium designated “colored.”

In 1963, the first five black undergraduates enrolled at Duke. At that time, the university had no black faculty, administrators or trustees. The first students encountered culture shock as they forever changed the fabric of the university.

  • Mary

    Mitchell

    An honors student at Durham’s Hillside High School, Harris knew by 10th grade she wanted to attend Duke.
  • GENE

    KENDALL

    The mechanical engineering degree candidate chose Duke because it offered a full scholarship.
  • WILHELMINA

    REUBEN-COOKE

    Reuben-Cooke hesitated to attend the same school as her father, who was enrolled at the Divinity School.
  • CASSANDRA

    SMITH RUSH

    The zoology major applied to Duke twice. She was denied admission before the university desegregated.
  • NATHANIEL

    WHITE, JR.

    Growing up three miles from campus, White said attending Duke was “like going to a whole new city.”


Black History

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Gene Kendall, Wilhelmina Reuben-Cooke, and Nathaniel “Nat” White Jr., the three surviving members of the first five undergraduate students to integrate, attended their class reunion in April 2012. Photo by Les Todd.

EXPLORE DUKE’S BLACK HISTORY

In the fall of 1963, the first five African-American undergraduates entered Duke, joining the black students who had enrolled in Duke Law School in 1961 and the Divinity and Graduate Schools in 1962. These pioneers set the university on a path toward becoming a diverse, global institution.

Duke has planned a series of events throughout 2013 designed to encourage students, alumni, faculty and staff to reflect upon this important moment in our university’s history, honor the “firsts,” celebrate our diverse community today, and ask ourselves where we want Duke to go in the future. The commemoration will feature intellectual, social, artistic and service-oriented events that are inspiring, thought provoking and meaningful.

We invite you to explore this website and:

Learn about the first pioneering students – undergraduates and those in the graduate and professional schools

Connect with others at upcoming commemoration events

Share your stories to enrich our archives with personal histories

Reflect on what this anniversary means to you and to Duke in the future – as we embrace the next 50 years of inquiry, achievement, and service to our global community.



Memory Wall

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Below, some early black students share their memories of Duke. We invite alumni to follow suit and share memories of their time at Duke on our Facebook page. During your days as a student, who or what made you feel like you belonged at Duke? What obstacles did you encounter that challenged your sense of belonging? Fifty years from now, what do you think the legacy of the African-American community at Duke will be?

“…As the first black students had succeeded, we, too, could as well.”

And Brenda Armstrong saved us… We arrived about 20 years after the first students. When we arrived at Duke, she was already a Pediatric Cardiologist in the Duke University School of Medicine. She made herself an accessible role model for us. She was always willing to come and speak at events and remind us that, ...

“I am here, as are many others, to ensure that change is gonna come.”

My undergraduate journey through Duke University covered a span of 12 years. From being a part of the last class of January freshmen to be admitted to the university to being one of the oldest in my graduating class, I have seen and experienced some things that have helped me grow, broken me down, built ...

“On that day my Mom and Dad were proud parents…”

As a 1981 graduate of Duke University, and the granddaughter and daughter of former Duke employees, I have a unique perspective relative to the university’s history. Someone in my family had been associated with Duke from the early 1930s to 1995, which afforded me an oral history of Duke over a 65-year period. My grandparents and ...

“The Fuqua School of Business celebrated 30 years of minority recruitment in 2012.”

Much of the focus on the 50 years of black students at Duke has focused on the undergraduate experience and on the early years of Duke’s integration. The Fuqua School of Business celebrated 30 years of minority recruitment in 2012. It was also the 30th year of the Black MBA organization, which blended into the ...

“…I felt as though I was navigating two sides of the train tracks…”

I grew up in a small segregated town in North Carolina where people were considered either black or white. It was not until I reached sixth grade that the school I attended included both black and white students. It was the backdrop of this personal history through which I experienced Duke when I arrived in ...



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